10 Essential Things to Do in Takayama, Japan

10 Essential Things to Do in Takayama, Japan

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There are plenty of reasons to visit Takayama. It’s a small city compared to Tokyo and Osaka but it’s a destination that oozes with character. When you’re in Takayama, you’ll feel like you’re in a time capsule.

Personally, we visited Takayama as a base to explore Shirakawa-go but the town itself offers plenty for first-time visitors. It’s beautifully preserved old town dates back to the Edo period and serves as an ideal backdrop for one of Japan’s most beautiful festivals – Takayama Matsuri.

Often referred to as Hida Takayama to differentiate it from towns of the same name, the city is located in the mountainous region of Gifu prefecture, making it a prime jumping off point into the Japanese Alps.

As charming as it is, Takayama is small so you won’t need more than a day or two to explore it. Whether you’re attending the festival or just passing through, listed below are ten of the best things you can do in Takayama.

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Sarubobo dolls and Hida beef sushi

THINGS TO DO IN TAKAYAMA

1. Explore Sanmachi Suji

When people think of Hida Takayama, the first image that comes to mind is of Sanmachi Suji. It refers to a network of three streets located in the heart of Takayama’s historical district.

Sanmachi Suji is characterized by remarkably well-preserved cypress and cedar merchant houses, some dating back to the early 17th century. It’s regarded as one of the most beautifully preserved Edo period districts in Japan.
Woman walking along Sanmachi Suji

Running parallel to each other, the three streets that comprise Sanmachi Suji are Sannomachi, Ninomachi, and Ichinomachi. Of the three, Sannomachi is the most picturesque and subsuquently the most popular.

Along Sannomachi are many shops, restaurants, teahouses, and sake breweries, some of which have been open for centuries.
Woman walking along Sanmachi Suji

Many of the buildings in Takayama’s old town date back to the dawn of the 17th century. They harken back to a time when Takayama thrived as a town of wealthy merchants.

Walking around town, you’ll find that most of the buildings are painted in dark brown colors, almost black, to replicate how they looked during the Edo period. Some of the buildings in Sanmachi Suji are over 400 years old but you wouldn’t know it from their remarkable state of preservation.
Woman walking along Sanmachi Suji

Sanmachi Suji is the heart of the old town and a popular tourist hotspot, but venture away from the area and you’ll find that much of Takayama looks like this.

I don’t know how the city is divided but I was walking to Sakurayama Hachimangu Shrine and came across this lovely neighborhood called the Houmeitaigumi Preservation Area. Like Sanmachi Suji, many of the houses in this neighborhood are probably over 400 years old.

You won’t find many shops or restaurants outside the Sanmachi Suji area but you won’t find any tourists either. As beautiful as it is, Sannomachi can get annoyingly crowded so don’t be afraid to venture farther and explore on your own.

Exploring some of these more deserted pockets of town, I felt like I truly was in Edo period Japan.
Woman walking along Sanmachi Suji

2. Eat Hida Beef

Walking around Sanmachi Suji, you’ll quickly realize what the town’s specialty is – Hida beef. Every restaurant it seems advertises some form of Hida beef, whether it be Hida beef skewers, Hida beef croquettes, or my personal favorite, Hida beef sushi.

Hida beef refers to wagyu produced from black-haired Japanese cattle raised in Gifu prefecture. To bear the Hida beef brand, cattle needs to be fattened for at least fourteen months and earn a meat quality grade of 3, 4, or 5 from the Japan Meat Grading Association.

Like Kobe beef, Hida beef is considered one of the most prized beef brands in Japan, revered for its intense marbling and juiciness. Compared to Kobe beef which tends to be more balanced in its meat and fat distribution, Hida beef has more of the latter, giving you a truer melt-in-your-mouth experience.

We enjoyed Hida beef in various forms like croquettes, rice balls, steamed buns, and sausages, but our hands down favorite was the sushi.

Served raw as nigiri (about JPY 800 for two), it was absolutely sensational and one of the best things we’ve eaten in Japan. They weren’t kidding when they said it melts in your mouth. Wow!
Hida beef sushi

A distant second would be this grilled skewer of A5 grade chuck eye roll (about JPY 1,000). It was smokey, tender, and supremely delicious but the Hida beef sushi was just that good.
Hida beef skewer

If you’d like to try Hida beef in a burger, then check out Center4 Hamburgers on Ichinomachi Street. You won’t appreciate the beef’s marbling as much but they do make some tasty burgers.
Hida beef burger

Operating Hours: 11AM-2:30PM, 6-9:30PM, daily
Admission: About JPY 2,700 for a Hida beef burger

3. Visit Sakurayama Hachimangu Shrine

Located in the northern part of the old town, Sakurayama Hachimangu is the oldest Shinto shrine in Takayama. It’s said to date back to as early as the 4th century, to the reign of Emperor Nintoku who was the 16th emperor of Japan.

Sakurayama Hachimangu Shrine is in a quiet wooded area that’s much more peaceful than Sanmachi Suji, but in autumn, it becomes the most festive part of Takayama.

Every October, the shrine plays host to the Takayama Autumn Festival which is the second of two annual festivals that constitute Takayama Matsuri. Together with Chichibu Yomatsuri and Gion Matsuri, it’s considered one of the three most beautiful festivals in Japan.

Both the spring and autumn Takayama festivals feature about a dozen large and heavily decorated yatai or festival floats. I read that up to a million people visit Sakurayama Hachimangu Shrine during festival time, but you can see replicas of the floats at Matsuri No Mori or Takayama Matsuri Yatai Kaikan at any time of the year.
Sakurayama Hachimangu Shrine

Operating Hours: 24 hrs
Admission: FREE

4. See the Floats at Matsuri No Mori or Takayama Matsuri Yatai Kaikan

If you’d like to see the Takayama Matsuri floats but can’t visit in the spring or fall, then you can see replicas on display year-round at Matsuri No Mori and Takayama Festival Floats Exhibition Hall.

I didn’t go to either one but based on pictures, Matsuri No Mori looks to be the more impressive museum of the two. Not only will you find life-sized replicas of festival floats, but also on display are karakuri puppets and several huge taiko drums, both of which play key roles during the festival.

Matsuri No Mori looks more interesting but it’s harder to get to. It’s located about 15 minutes south of Takayama Station by bus, so if you’d rather not make the trip, then you can visit Takayama Matsuri Yatai Kaikan instead.

Located right next to Sakurayama Hachimangu Shrine, on display are four of the eleven floats used during the autumn festival along with miniature models of Nikko’s Toshogu Shrine.
Floats inside Matsuri No Mori

Operating Hours: 9AM-5PM, daily (both museums)
Admission: JPY 1,000 (each museum)

5. Visit Takayama Jinya

Takayama Jinya is a surviving Edo period jinya that served as the government headquarters for Hida province under the Tokugawa Shogunate.

A jinya referred to the administrative headquarters of smaller domains. Similar to castles, they served as the residence of administrative heads though were much smaller in scale. Larger domains had castles while smaller domains, like Hida province, had jinyas.

Takayama Jinya was declared a National Historic Site in 1929 and opened to the public as a museum in 1969. Inside are a series of well-maintained tatami mat rooms that once served as offices, conference rooms, and residential spaces for Edo period officials.
Inside Takayama Jinya

Operating Hours: 8:45AM-5PM, daily
Admission: JPY 440

6. Go Shopping at a Morning Market

If you like markets, then you’ll want to get up for these two morning markets that are held every morning from 7AM till around 12NN.

The Miyagawa Morning Market is set up along Miyagawa River while the Jinya-mae Morning Market is held in front of Takayama Jinya. On sale at these markets are locally made crafts, flowers, snacks, and fresh produce like fruits and vegetables.
Market area along the canal

Operating Hours: 7AM-12NN, daily

7. Buy Sarubobo Dolls

I brought home three small versions of these cute and colorful sarubobo dolls. A sarubobo is a human-shaped but faceless doll associated with Takayama.

The word sarubobo literally means “baby monkey”. They’re traditionally made by grandmothers who give them to their grandchildren as dolls for protection, or by mothers who give them to their daughters as good luck charms before marriage.

Sarubobo were traditionally made in red but they’re now available in a variety of colors and sizes, each color representing a different wish like good health, love, fertility, and money.
Different-colored sarubobo dolls

8. Spend the Day in Shirakawa-go

If you’re planning a trip to Takayama, then you probably know about Shirakawa-go. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for its traditional gassho-zukuri farmhouses.

Shirakawa-go is often visited on a day trip from various cities in central Japan, but one of the easiest and closest jumping off points is Takayama. From Takayama bus terminal, it’s less than an hour to Shirakawa-go.

You can refer to our comprehensive Shirakawa-go travel guide to help you plan your trip. If you’d like to go on a guided tour, then you can book one through Klook.

Personally, I’ve been to Shirakawa-go twice – the first time on our own and the second time on a press trip using a Takayama Hokuriku Pass. If you’re planning on exploring Takayama, Shirakawa-go, and the rest of the Chubu region, then a Takayama Hokuriku Pass may be a good investment.
Shirakawa-go in winter

9. Visit Hida Folk Village

If for some reason you can’t visit Shirakawa-go, then you may be interested in going to Hida Folk Village instead. It’s an open air museum with over thirty houses that showcase the traditional architecture of the Hida region.

It’s important to note that the houses in Hida Folk Village weren’t constructed for the museum. They were functioning houses built during the Edo period and relocated from their original locations to create the museum in 1971. It features logging huts, storehouses, and a number of gassho-zukuri farmhouses, all of which you’re free to enter and explore.

Hida Folk Village is located about 2.5 km southwest of Takayama Bus Terminal. It’ll take you about 30 minutes to get there on foot or 10 minutes by bus.
Gassho-zukuri houses in Hida Folk Village

Operating Hours: 8:30AM-5PM, daily
Admission: JPY 700

10. Explore Hida Furukawa

Accessible via a quick 15-minute train ride from Takayama, Hida Furukawa is a small town with a similarly traditional feel. Like Takayama, it became prosperous because of the high-quality timber found in the region.

Compared to Takayama, Hida Furukawa receives far fewer tourists and is much quieter. When we were there, it felt like we were the only tourists in town. In some ways, it’s more pleasant than Takayama and makes for an easy side trip.

Like Takayama, Hida Furukawa hosts an annual festival which features large drums and elaborate floats. The Furukawa Festival is held a week after the Takayama Spring Festival so you could conceivably visit both on the same trip.
Walking by a canal in Hida Furukawa

What look like ordinary train tracks to you and I may have significant meaning to fans of anime. If you’ve seen the hit anime film Kimi no Na wa, then you may recognize these tracks from the movie.

Fans of Kimi no Na wa will be pleased to learn that a few sequences from the film were based on actual locations in Hida Furukawa. If I remember correctly, we visited four stops that inspired scenes in the movie.
Train tracks at Hida Furukawa Station

FINAL THOUGHTS

One of the things I love most about Japan is its dichotomy of the ultramodern and the traditional. One day you could be interacting with robots in Tokyo then on the next day find yourself lost in an Edo period town like Hida Takayama.

It’s an intriguing contrast that makes Japan the endlessly fascinating culture that it is. They’re always moving forward and innovating while simultaneously preserving tradition and culture.

No matter how many times we’ve been, we can’t get enough of Japan, and much of that has to do with time capsule towns like Takayama.

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