Hakarl is a national dish of Iceland, consisting of Greenland shark meat, that has been buried, rotten and fermented.
Celebrity chef Anthony Bourdain once stated that Hakarl is the the single worst thing he’s ever tasted. That’s saying something, coming from a man who purposefully eats a lot of strange and unusual dishes.
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HOW IS HAKARL PREPARED?
The Icelandic people are very good at sustaining themselves through the harshest of climatic changed by preserving and utilising the entire beast. Hakarl is part of that ilk.
The Viking Icelandic tradition to preserve and eat the Greenland and sleeper sharks has been around for more than a millennia, and is still eaten all year long today. Usually accompanied by a shot of brennivin or “black death” to wash away the taste.
The reason for the fermentation process? Well, the Greenland shark is poisonous to eat in it’s natural state due to extremely high levels of trimethylamine oxide and uric acid in the flesh.
The preparation process that allows consumption, is to gut and behead the shark and place it in a shallow hole dug in gravelly-sand. The hole is covered with sand and gravel, stones are placed on top in order to press out the fluids. The shark cures (read ferments and rots) for 6–12 weeks, depending on the season.
Following curing, the shark is cut into strips and hung to dry for several months. During the drying period, a brown crust will develop, which is removed before cutting it into small pieces and serving in cubes.
An unassuming tub of rotten flesh
WHAT DOES HAKARL TASTE LIKE?
But all of this info isn’t why you’re still reading. You’re want to know what Hakarl tastes like…
In short. Gross. That’s now going to be a satisfying answer so here’s the longer version…
You can grab a taste (a few pieces) of Hakarl at many traditional Icelandic restaurants. Or you can head straight to the Kolaportid Flea Market on a weekend, soak up the local atmosphere and save about $30 in the process.
For the tidy sum of 200 Icelandic Kronur (almost $2 USD), you can have a tub of Hakarl all to yourself.
The first thing you’ll notice is the smell. Cos boy does it stink. Like pee, that’s been in the sun and had animals pee on on it for a few days. It’s quite obvious why it’s recommended not to sniff it before eating it. A tip most ignore and promptly regret.
You’re lucky you don’t have smell-a-vision
At first bite, the taste doesn’t seem so bad. Perhaps this is because a large percentage of taste comes from your olfactory sense, which has just been cremated with the smell of wee. There is a mild slightly white fish tang. Then it hits…
The heavy taste of ammonia creeps up your throat like a live octopus and threatens to consume your entire tastebud factory. It sits there for a while, trying to lay claim to your throat with fishy pee and rotting flesh.
The water will do nothing. If you must have it, have it with the Brennivin.
Obviously there is a reason it’s so popular. Whether it be tourist laughs, nostalgia for olden times or the Icelanders actually like it, Hakarl is definitely an acquired taste.
Smelling the Hakarl: The face of regret.
Photos by Chanie Hyde